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Erich av Pommern-Wolgast, "Erich 2"

Male 1425 - Abt 1474  (~ 56 years)

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  • Name Erich av Pommern-Wolgast 
    Suffix "Erich 2" 
    Born Between 1418 and 1425  [1
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Abt 1457  Pommern, Tyskland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Hertug av Pommern-Wolgast. 
    • Eric 2 or Erich 2 (between 1418 and 1425 – 5 July 1474) was a member of the House of Pomerania (also known as the House of Griffins) and was the ruling Duke of Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast from 1457 to 1474. He was the son of Wartislaw 9 of Pomerania-Wolgast and Sophia, daughter of Eric 4 of Saxe-Lauenburg.

      In 1451, Wartislaw 9 arranged his son's marriage to Sophia, daughter of Bogislaw 9 of Pomerania-Stolp and heiress of Eric 1 of Pomerania-Stolp, who had also been king of the Kalmar Union.
      The marriage of these distant relatives granted Eric 2 access to Eric 1's lands in Farther Pomerania. Also, Eric 1 arranged the Lauenburg-Bütow Land at the Pomerelian border to be granted by the Polish king to Eric 2 on January 3, 1455, as a reward for aiding Poland in her struggles with the Teutonic Knights.

      In 1456, Eric took over Maszewo Land in Farther Pomerania, despite Wassow being not included in his share of Pomerania. This led to conflicts with Otto 3, Duke of Pomerania-Stettin and even Eric 1. Even though the Pomeranian cities were able to mediate negotiations between the dukes which led to a compromise on January 16, 1457, at Rügenwalde, Eric lost the support of the other Pomeranian dukes with this action.

      In August 1457, Eric was hunting in the forests near Horst, belonging not to his lands, but to the Hanseatic city of Greifswald. In further disrespect of the city's rights he ordered local peasants to aid him. Greifswald's mayor Heinrich Rubenow led the burghers of Greifswald and Stralsund in an attempt to arrest Eric. Although the burghers captured his guards, Eric managed to escape. Yet, by now he was not only opposed by his co-ruling Pomeranian dukes, but also by the Pomeranian cities.

      After the death of his father, Wartislaw 9, later in 1457, Eric received Pomerania-Wolgast together with his younger brother, Wartislaw 10. They split the duchy with Wartislaw 10 receiving the principality of Rügen (with Rügen, Barth, Tribsees and Grimmen) while Eric received the eastern parts. Upon Eric 1's death, in 1459 Eric 2 gained Pomerania-Stolp and Pomerania-Rügenwalde due to the claims of his wife. Despite being a partitioned duchy in reality, Pomerania was granted to the dukes as one fief to be co-ruled, which meant that several issues had to be acted upon in common. Because Eric did not respect Wartislaw 10's rights as a co-ruler, Wartislaw sought for an alliance with the Margraviate of Brandenburg on September 6, 1459, in Angermünde. He pawned the area north of the Brandenburgian Uckermark to Hohenzollern margrave Frederick II and in return became assured of military protection against his brother.

      In 1464, Eric's cousin Otto 3 of Pomerania-Stettin died of the Black Death, leaving both Eric and Wartislaw as well as Brandenburg's Frederick 2 with claims for inheritance. In 1466 Eric 2 and Wartislaw 10 were granted liens by the elector of Brandenburg at Soldin. However the contract was not fulfilled and it came to military intervention. Aware that he would not withstand Brandenburg without allies, Eric sought to settle the conflict by allying with Poland and in 1470 invaded the Brandenburg Neumark. The Brandenburgers had their longtime claims to Pomerania re-verified by emperor Frederick 3. The emperor ordered Erich 2 and Wartislaw 10 to recognize the suzerainty of Brandenburg. Mecklenburgs Duke Henry took a mediator role and the Mecklenburgian army moved eastward following the Tollense River, a Brandenburgian army advanced to the North from the Uckermark following the Randow River. The campaigns were ended by the Peace of Prenzlau of May 31, 1472 and the Pomeranian dukes gave the pledge of allegiance to the elector. Brandenburg was again granted the right of inheritance of Pomerania upon the extinction of the House of Pomerania.

      Eric died in 1474 of a plague-like disease. He was buried in Eldena Abbey near Greifswald and was succeeded by his son Bogislaw 10.

      Eric 2 married Sophia of Pomerania-Stolp. With his wife, he had 9 children:
      1. Bogislaw X (1454–1523).

      2. Casimir (ca. 1455–1474).

      3. Wartislaw (after 1465–1475).

      4. Barnim (after 1465–1474).

      5. Elisabeth (d. 1516), prioress of Verchen Nunnery.

      6. Sophie (1460–1504), 8 Duke Magnus 2 of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and -Güstrow (1441–1503).

      7. Margaret (d. 1526), 8 Duke Balthasar of Mecklenburg (1451–1507), administrator of the prince-bishoprics of Hildesheim and Schwerin.

      8. Catherine (ca. 1465–1526), 8 Duke Henry 4 of Brunswick and Lunenburg (1463–1514), Prince of Wolfenbüttel.

      9. Mary (d. 1512), abbess of Wollin Nunnery. [1]
    Died Abt 05 Jul 1474  [1
    av Pommern Erich 2 gravplakett Eldena Abbey.jpg
    av Pommern Erich 2 gravplakett Eldena Abbey.jpg
    Gravsted Erich 2. av Pommern, gravplakett i Eldena Abbey.
    Person ID I12596  My Genealogy
    Last Modified 25 Feb 2017 

    Family Sophia av Pommern-Stolp,   b. Abt 1435,   d. Abt 24 Aug 1497  (Age ~ 62 years) 
    Married Abt 1451  [1
    • Sophia of Pomerania-Stolp (1435 - 24 August 1497), was a Duchess of Pomerania by birth, and married to Eric 2, Duke of Pomerania.

      Sophia was the daughter of Bogislaw 9, Duke of Pomerania and Maria of Masovia.
      In 1446, her father died and was succeeded by his cousin, Eric of Pomerania, former King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Sophia became the heir of Eric of Pomerania's private fortune.

      In 1451, Sophia was married to Eric of Pomerania-Wolgast, making her spouse the heir of Eric of Pomerania's territories, while Sophia remained the heir of Eric of Pomerania's private fortune.

      At the death of Eric of Pomerania in 1459, Sophia's husband united Pomerania through the inheritance of Pomerania-Stolp and Pomerania-Rügenwalde by his marriage, while Sophia became the sole possessor of the vast fortune brought by Eric of Pomerania from his former kingdoms's in Scandinavia, as well as the one he had acquired by his piracy activity on Gotland.

      As Eric refused to allow Sophia any of the political power over the territories he acquired through her, which she felt she was entitled to, the couple separated.

      Sophia moved to Rügenwalde Castle with her children and her lover, Hans of Maszerski.

      In 1470, she refused to finance her husband's war with Brandenburg.

      She was widowed in 1474.

      According to an old legend, she was to have poisoned her sons Wratislaw and Casimir, but when she tried to the same with her son Bogislaw with a poisoned sandwich, he was warned by his jester. The sandwich was given to a dog, who died, after which Sophia was to have fled to Danzig. [1]
    +1. Sophie av Pommern,   b. Abt 1460,   d. 26 Apr 1504, Wismar, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Tyskland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years)  [Birth]
    Last Modified 4 Feb 2016 
    Family ID F4938  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S754] Wikipedia (Reliability: 1).

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